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J Biol Chem. 1986 Oct 25;261(30):14130-4.

H+ coupled uphill transport of aminocephalosporins via the dipeptide transport system in rabbit intestinal brush-border membranes.


The transport characteristics of aminocephalosporin antibiotics, possessing an alpha-amino group and a carboxyl group, in brush-border membranes isolated from rabbit small intestine have been studied by a rapid filtration technique. The uptake of cephradine by brush-border membrane vesicles was stimulated by the countertransport effect of dipeptides, which indicates the existence of a common carrier transport system. An inward H+ gradient ([pH]i = 7.5 to 8.4, [pH]o = 6.0) stimulated cephradine uptake against a concentration gradient (overshoot phenomenon), and this stimulation was reduced when the H+ gradient was subjected to rapid dissipation by the presence of carbonyl cyanide p-trifluoromethoxyphenylhydrazone, a protonophore. A valinomycin-induced K+ diffusion potential (interior-negative) stimulated H+ gradient-dependent cephradine uptake without altering the equilibrium value. The uptake of other aminocephalosporins (cefadroxil, cefaclor, cephalexin) was also stimulated in the presence of an inward H+ gradient, while the uptake of cephalosporins without the alpha-amino group (cefazolin, cefotiam) was not changed in the presence or absence of the H+ gradient. These results suggest that the transport of aminocephalosporins can be driven actively by an inward H+ gradient via the dipeptide transport system in the intestinal brush-border membranes, and that the process results in the transfer of a positive charge.

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