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Bioresour Technol. 2018 Dec;270:120-128. doi: 10.1016/j.biortech.2018.09.011. Epub 2018 Sep 4.

Coal chemical reverse osmosis concentrate treatment by membrane-aerated biofilm reactor system.

Author information

1
Chemical Engineering Research Center, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, PR China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Membrane Science and Desalination Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, PR China.
2
Chemical Engineering Research Center, School of Chemical Engineering and Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, PR China; State Key Laboratory of Chemical Engineering, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, PR China; Tianjin Key Laboratory of Membrane Science and Desalination Technology, Tianjin University, Tianjin 300072, PR China. Electronic address: libaoan@tju.edu.cn.

Abstract

Coal chemical reverse osmosis concentrate (ROC), which is characterized by high salinity and high organics, remains as a serious environmental problem. In this study, a lab-scale three-stage membrane-aerated biofilm reactor (MABR) system was designed to treat such a ROC. The effects of influent salinity and operating parameters (pH, DO and HRT) on the treatment efficiency were discussed. The removal efficiencies of COD, NH4-N and TN under the optimal operating parameters reached to 81.01%, 92.31% and 70.72%, respectively. Simultaneous nitrification and denitrification (SND) as well as shortcut nitrogen removal were achieved. The salinity less than 3% did not induce significant decrease in treatment efficiency and microbial communities. Moreover, the dominant phyla in biofilms were Proteobacteria and Bacteroidetes. This work demonstrated MABR had great potential in ROC treatment.

KEYWORDS:

DO; MABR; Microbial community; ROC; Salinity

PMID:
30216921
DOI:
10.1016/j.biortech.2018.09.011
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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