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Environ Int. 2018 Dec;121(Pt 1):199-206. doi: 10.1016/j.envint.2018.08.063. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

How to protect school children from the neurodevelopmental harms of air pollution by interventions in the school environment in the urban context.

Author information

1
ISGlobal, Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), C/Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, IDAEA-CSIC, C/Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain; MRC-PHE Centre for Environment and Health, Environmental Research Group, King's College London, 150 Stamford Street, London SE1 9NH, UK. Electronic address: ioar.rivas_lara@kcl.ac.uk.
2
Institute of Environmental Assessment and Water Research, IDAEA-CSIC, C/Jordi Girona 18-26, 08034 Barcelona, Spain.
3
Bradford Institute for Health Research, Duckworth Lane, Bradford, BD9 6RJ, UK.
4
ISGlobal, Centre for Research in Environmental Epidemiology (CREAL), C/Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003 Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain; Pompeu Fabra University, C/Dr. Aiguader 88, 08003, Barcelona, Catalonia, Spain.

Abstract

Recently, there has been a flurry of publications assessing the effect of air pollution on neurodevelopment. Here we present a summary of the results obtained within the BRain dEvelopment and Air polluTion ultrafine particles in scHool childrEn (BREATHE) Project, which aimed to evaluate the effects of the exposure to traffic related air pollutants in schoolchildren in Barcelona. To this end, we comprehensively characterised air quality in 39 urban schools from Barcelona and identified the main determinants of children's increased exposure. We propose a series of measures to be implemented to improve air quality in schools within the urban context and, consequently, minimise the negative effects on children's neurodevelopment that we found to be associated with the exposure to air pollution. We also aimed to list some of the actions pushed by governments and the society (including school managers, parents, and children) that have been taking place around Europe for promoting better high quality in the school and its surroundings.

KEYWORDS:

Air quality; Exposure; Neurodevelopment; Particulate matter; School children

PMID:
30216772
DOI:
10.1016/j.envint.2018.08.063
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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