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Foot Ankle Int. 2018 Jul;39(1_suppl):54S-60S. doi: 10.1177/1071100718781863.

Revision and Salvage Management: Proceedings of the International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle.

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1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, University of Pittsburgh School of Medicine, Pittsburgh, PA, USA.
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Brigham and Women's Hospital, Boston, MA, USA.
3 Orthopedic & Spine Institute at Banner University Medical Center, Phoenix, AZ, USA.
4 Clinic of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kantonsspital Baselland, Liestal, Switzerland.
5 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Korea University Ansan Hospital, Ansan, Korea.
6 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Cedars Sinai Medical Center, Los Angeles, CA, USA.
7 Istituti Ortopedici Rizzoli, Bologna University, Bologna, Italy.
8 Saint-Paul's Hospital, Department of Orthopedics, Vancouver, BC, Canada.



The evidence supporting best practice guidelines in the field of cartilage repair of the ankle are based on both low quality and low levels of evidence. Therefore, an international consensus group of experts was convened to collaboratively advance toward consensus opinions based on the best available evidence on key topics within cartilage repair of the ankle. The purpose of this article was to report on the consensus statements on "Revision and Salvage Management" developed at the 2017 International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle.


Seventy-five international experts in cartilage repair of the ankle representing 25 countries and 1 territory were convened and participated in a process based on the Delphi method of achieving consensus. Questions and statements were drafted within 11 working groups focusing on specific topics within cartilage repair of the ankle, after which a comprehensive literature review was performed and the available evidence for each statement was graded. Discussion and debate occurred in cases where statements were not agreed on in unanimous fashion within the working groups. A final vote was then held, and the strength of consensus was characterized as follows: consensus, 51% to 74%; strong consensus, 75% to 99%; unanimous, 100%.


A total of 8 statements on revision and salvage management reached consensus during the 2017 International Consensus Meeting on Cartilage Repair of the Ankle. One achieved unanimous support and 7 reached strong consensus (greater than 75% agreement). All statements reached at least 85% agreement.


This international consensus derived from leaders in the field will assist clinicians with revision and salvage management in the cartilage repair of the ankle.


ankle; cartilage repair; consensus; revision; salvage

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