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Cureus. 2018 Jul 10;10(7):e2959. doi: 10.7759/cureus.2959.

Medium-term Electrophysiologic Effects of a Cellularized Scaffold Implanted in Rats After Myocardial Infarction.

Author information

1
Cardiology, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Ioannina, GRC.
2
Division of Biomedical Research, Institute of Molecular Biology and Biotechnology - Forth, Ioannina, GRC.
3
Ceramics and Composites Laboratory, Materials Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GRC.
4
Cardiology, Cardiovascular Research Institute, Athens, GRC.
5
Ceramics and Composites Laboratory, Science and Engineering, University of Ioannina, Ioannina, GRC.

Abstract

Background Cardiac repair strategies are being evaluated for myocardial infarctions, but the safety issues regarding their arrhythmogenic potential remain unresolved. By utilizing the in-vivo rat model, we have examined the medium-term electrophysiologic effects of a biomaterial scaffold that has been cellularized with spheroids of human adipose tissue, derived from mesenchymal stem cells and umbilical vein endothelial cells. Methods Mesenchymal stem cells, which exhibit adequate differentiation capacity, were co-cultured with umbilical vein endothelial cells and were seeded on an alginate based scaffold. After in-vitro characterization, the cellularized scaffold was implanted in (n=15) adult Wistar rats 15 min post ligation of the left coronary artery, with an equal number of animals serving as controls. Two weeks thereafter, monophasic action potentials were recorded and activation-mapping was performed with a multi-electrode array. An arrhythmia score for inducible ventricular tachyarrhythmias was calculated after programmed electrical stimulation. Results The arrhythmia score was comparable between the treated animals and controls. No differences were detected in the local conduction at the infarct border and in the voltage rise in monophasic action potential recordings. Treatment did not affect the duration of local repolarization, but tended to enhance its dispersion. Conclusions The fabricated bi-culture cellularized scaffold displayed favorable properties after in-vitro characterization. Medium-term electrophysiologic assessment after implantation in the infarcted rat myocardium revealed low arrhythmogenic potential, but the long-term effects on repolarization dispersion will require further investigation.

KEYWORDS:

alginate-scaffold; cardiac repair; conduction-delay; mesenchymal stem-cells; myocardial infarction; repolarization-dispersion; ventricular arrhythmias

Conflict of interest statement

The authors have declared that no competing interests exist.

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