Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Eur J Biochem. 1986 Oct 15;160(2):379-87.

Rate constants and equilibrium constants for binding of the gelsolin-actin complex to the barbed ends of actin filaments in the presence and absence of calcium.

Abstract

The equilibrium constant for binding of the gelsolin-actin complex to the barbed ends of actin filaments was measured by the depolymerizing effect of the gelsolin-actin complex on actin filaments. When the gelsolin-actin complex blocks monomer consumption at the lengthening barbed ends of treadmilling actin filaments, monomers continue to be produced at the shortening pointed ends until a new steady state is reached in which monomer production at the pointed ends is balanced by monomer consumption at the uncapped barbed ends. By using this effect the equilibrium constant for binding was determined to be about 1.5 X 10(10) M-1 in excess EGTA over total calcium (experimental conditions: 1 mM MgCl2, 100 mM KCl, pH 7.5, 37 degrees C). In the presence of Ca2+ the equilibrium constant was found to be in the range of or above 10(11) M-1. The rate constant of binding of the gelsolin-actin complex to the barbed ends was measured by inhibition of elongation of actin filaments. Nucleation of new filaments by the gelsolin-actin complex towards the pointed ends was prevented by keeping the monomer concentration below the critical monomer concentration of the pointed ends where the barbed ends of treadmilling actin filaments elongate and the pointed ends shorten. The gelsolin-actin complex was found to bind fourfold faster to the barbed ends in the presence of Ca2+ (10 X 10(6) M-1 s-1) than in excess EGTA (2.5 X 10(6) M-1 s-1). Dissociation of the gelsolin-actin complex from the barbed ends can be calculated to be rather slow. In excess EGTA the rate constant of dissociation is about 1.7 X 10(-4) s-1. In the presence of Ca2+ this dissociation rate constant is in the range of or below 10(-4) s-1.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free full text

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for Wiley
Loading ...
Support Center