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Food Chem Toxicol. 2018 Nov;121:343-350. doi: 10.1016/j.fct.2018.09.015. Epub 2018 Sep 11.

Chemical warfare agent NOVICHOK - mini-review of available data.

Author information

1
Department of Chemistry, Faculty of Science, University of Hradec Kralove, Rokitanskeho 62, 500 03, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic.
2
Philosophical Faculty, University of Hradec Kralove, Rokitanskeho 62, 500 03, Hradec Kralove, Czech Republic. Electronic address: kamil.kuca@uhk.cz.

Abstract

The Cold War period is characterized by the infighting between the Western countries and the USSR in diverse areas. One of such fields was development of the weapons of mass destruction. Within various programs on both sides, a wide scale of different agents have been developed. However, information about some of them are still protected under the designation "top secret". Notwithstanding, in history several cases are known when such information beheld the daylight. One of such cases was the program FOLIANT and NOVICHOK. Both programs were developed by the USSR as a reaction to English/American invention of VX agent. If at least a part of available information is truthful, we can allege that these compounds belong among the most toxic synthetic agents ever. Within this contribution, we have reviewed available Eastern and Western data about the A-agents and their precursors, so-called NOVICHOKs, including their history, synthesis, physical-chemical properties, pharmacological characteristics and clinical manifestation.

KEYWORDS:

Chemical warfare agent; FOLIANT; NOVICHOK; Nerve agent

PMID:
30213549
DOI:
10.1016/j.fct.2018.09.015
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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