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Pediatr Clin North Am. 2018 Oct;65(5):995-1006. doi: 10.1016/j.pcl.2018.05.008.

Orthodontics in Children and Impact of Malocclusion on Adolescents' Quality of Life.

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Department of Pediatric Dentistry and Orthodontics, School of Dentistry, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Maranhão, Belo Horizonte, Minas Gerais 30150-331, Brazil. Electronic address:


Orthodontics is the dental specialty concerned with the position of teeth and the relationship between the maxilla and mandible. Much evidence regarding the characteristics of normal occlusion during childhood/adolescence, the timely referral of children/adolescents to orthodontic treatment, and the impact of orthodontic outcomes on individuals' physical, functioning, and psychosocial well-being exists in the literature. This body of evidence may be helpful for pediatricians and primary care physicians. For those willing to be skilled providers of health care to children/adolescents, knowledge of basic concepts of oral health may contribute to the communication among physicians, the young individual and their parents/caregivers.


Adolescent; Family physician; Malocclusion; Orthodontics; Pediatrician; Primary care; Quality of life

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