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PLoS One. 2018 Sep 13;13(9):e0203354. doi: 10.1371/journal.pone.0203354. eCollection 2018.

Quality appraisal of clinical guidelines for surgical site infection prevention: A systematic review.

Author information

1
School of Nursing & Midwifery, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.
2
Gold Coast Hospital and Health Service, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.
3
Optimising Health Outcomes (OHO) group, Menzies Health Institute Queensland, Griffith University, Gold Coast, QLD, Australia.
4
Division of Surgery, Princess Alexandra Hospital, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.
5
Alliance for Vascular Access Teaching and Research (AVATAR), Griffith University, Brisbane, QLD, Australia.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Surgical site infections (SSI) occur in up to 10% of surgeries. Wound care practices to prevent infections are guided by Clinical Practice Guidelines (CPGs), yet their contribution to improving patient outcomes relies on their quality and adoption in practice. We critically evaluated the quality of CPGs for SSI prevention during pre-, intra- and post-operative phases of care.

METHODS:

We systematically reviewed the literature from 1990-2018 using the Cochrane Library, CINAHL, EMBASE, MEDLINE, ProQuest databases and five guidelines repositories. We extracted characteristics of each guideline using purposely-developed data collection tools. We assessed overall quality using the Appraisal of Guidelines for Research and Evaluation II (AGREE II) tool.

RESULTS:

Combined searches of databases and repositories yielded 5,910 citations. Of these, we reviewed 215 full text documents. The final sample included 15 documents: 6 complete CPGs, 3 CPG updates, and 6 supplementary documents. The overall %mean scores across AGREE II domains for CPGs were: 1) scope and purpose (%mean ± SD = 86.3±23.5); 2) stakeholder involvement (%mean ± SD = 64±31.0); 3) rigour of development (%mean ± SD = 68.7±30.6); 4) clarity and presentation (%mean ± SD = 88.5±16.7); 5) applicability (%mean ± SD = 44±30.2); and, 5) editorial independence (%mean ± SD = 61±37.6). Based on individual AGREE II domains and overall scores, we appraised 4 out of 6 CPGs (inclusive of updates) as "recommended" for use in practice. Overall agreement among appraisers was excellent (ICC 0.86 [95%CI 0.73-0.94] - 0.98 [95%CI 0.96-0.99]; p <0.001).

DISCUSSION:

International interest in CPG development has resulted in refinements to methodologies, which has led to improvements in the overall quality of the product.

IMPLICATIONS FOR TRANSLATION:

Given the domains that received the lowest scores, it is clear that we need more consumer involvement and better consideration of the implementation challenges with CPG uptake and sustainability.

PMID:
30212487
PMCID:
PMC6136720
DOI:
10.1371/journal.pone.0203354
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
Free PMC Article

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