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Brain Imaging Behav. 2019 Oct;13(5):1486-1495. doi: 10.1007/s11682-018-9963-4.

Associations of brain entropy (BEN) to cerebral blood flow and fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations in the resting brain.

Author information

1
Center for Cognition and Brain Disorders, Department of Psychology, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China.
2
Center for Cognition and Brain Disorders, Department of Psychology, Hangzhou Normal University, Hangzhou, China. zewangnew@temple.edu.
3
Department of Radiology, Lewis Katz School of Medicine, Temple University, 3401 N Broad Street, 1st Floor, Radiology, Philadelphia, PA, 19140, USA. zewangnew@temple.edu.

Abstract

Entropy is a fundamental trait of human brain. Using fMRI-based brain entropy (BEN) mapping, interesting findings have been increasingly revealed in normal brain and neuropsychiatric disorders. As BEN is still relatively new, an often-raised question is how much new information can this measure tell about the brain compared to other more established brain activity measures. The study aimed to address that question by examining the relationship between BEN and cerebral blood flow (CBF) and the fractional amplitude of low-frequency fluctuations (fALFF), two widely used resting state brain state measures. fMRI data acquired from a large cohort of normal subjects were used to calculate the three metrics; inter-modality associations were assessed at each voxel through the Pearson correlation analysis. A moderate to high positive BEN-CBF and BEN-fALFF correlations were found in orbito-frontal cortex (OFC) and posterior inferior temporal cortex (ITC); Strong negative BEN-fALFF correlations were found in visual cortex (VC), anterior ITC, striatum, motor network, precuneus, and lateral parietal cortex. Positive CBF-fALFF correlations were found in medial OFC (MOFC), medial prefrontal cortex (MPFC), left angular gyrus, and left precuneus. Significant gender effects were observed for all three metrics and their correlations. Our data clearly demonstrated that BEN provides unique information that cannot be revealed by CBF and fALFF.

KEYWORDS:

Brain entropy; Cerebral blood flow; Fractional amplitude of the low-frequency fluctuations; Resting state fMRI

PMID:
30209786
DOI:
10.1007/s11682-018-9963-4
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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