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Med Health Care Philos. 2018 Sep 11. doi: 10.1007/s11019-018-9867-5. [Epub ahead of print]

Spirituality in medical education: a concept analysis.

Author information

1
Center for Educational Research in Medical Sciences (CERMS), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
2
Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran.
3
Department of Nursing, Faculty of Medical Sciences, Tarbiat Modares University, Tehran, Iran.
4
Center for Educational Research in Medical Sciences (CERMS), Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. sbigdeli@alumni.sfu.ca.
5
Department of Medical Education, Faculty of Medicine, Iran University of Medical Sciences, Tehran, Iran. sbigdeli@alumni.sfu.ca.

Abstract

Spirituality in medical education is an abstract multifaceted concept, related to the healthcare system. As a significant dimension of health, the importance and promotion of this concept has received considerable attention all over the world. However, it is still an abstract concept and its use in different contexts leads to different perceptions, thereby causing challenges. In this regard, the study aimed to clarify the existing ambiguities of the concept of spirituality in medical education. Walker and Avant (Strategies for theory construction in nursing, Prentice Hall, Boston, 2011) concept analysis eight-step approach was used. After an extensive review of online national and international databases from 2000 to 2015, 180 articles and 3 books in English and Persian were retrieved for the purposes of the study. Analysis revealed that the defining attributes of spirituality in medical education are: teaching with all heart and soul, Life inspiring, ontological multidimensional connectedness, religious-secular spectrum, and socio-cultural intricacies. Moreover, innate wisdom, skillful treatment, transcendent education, and environmental requirements were antecedents to this concept, with the health of body and soul, intrapersonal development and elevation, and responsive treatment and education being its consequences. The defining attributes provided in this study can assist physicians, instructors, and professors to develop and implement evidence-based, health based and comprehensive education plans according to the guidelines of professional ethics and qualification of using spirituality in practice. The clarification of the noted concept facilitates further development of medical knowledge, research, and research instruments.

KEYWORDS:

Concept analysis; Medical education; Spirituality; Walker and Avant

PMID:
30206758
DOI:
10.1007/s11019-018-9867-5

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