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J Clin Orthop Trauma. 2018 Jul-Sep;9(3):202-206. doi: 10.1016/j.jcot.2018.04.008. Epub 2018 Apr 21.

Additive manufacturing applications in orthopaedics: A review.

Author information

1
Department of Mechanical Engineering, Jamia Millia Islamia, New Delhi, India.

Abstract

The applications of Additive Manufacturing (AM) have increased extensively in the area of orthopaedics. The AM applications are for making anatomic models, surgical instruments & tool design, splints, implants and prosthesis. A brief review of various research articles shows that patient-specific orthopaedic procedures provide multiple applications areas and provide directions for future developments. The purpose of this paper is to identify the best possible usage of additive manufacturing applications in orthopaedics field. It also presents the steps used to prepare a 3D printed model by using this technology and details applications in the field of orthopaedics. AM gives a flexible solution in orthopaedics area, where customised implants can be formed as per the required shape and size and can help substitution with customised products. A 3D model created by this technology gain an accurate perception of patient's anatomy which is used to perform mock surgeries and is helpful for highly complex surgical pathologies. It makes surgeon's job accessible and increases the success rate of the operation. AM provides a perfect fit implant for the specific patient by unlimited geometric freedom. Various scanning technologies capture the status of bone defects, and printing of the model is done with the help of this technology. It gives an exact generation of a physical model which is also helpful for medical education, surgical planning and training. This technology can help to solve present-day challenges as data of every patient is different from another.

KEYWORDS:

3D printing; Additive manufacturing (AM); Applications; Customisation; Implant; Medical; Orthopaedics

PMID:
30202149
PMCID:
PMC6128303
[Available on 2019-07-01]
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcot.2018.04.008

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