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Sci Rep. 2018 Sep 10;8(1):13516. doi: 10.1038/s41598-018-31869-6.

Automatic analysis algorithm for acquiring standard dental and mandibular shape data using cone-beam computed tomography.

Author information

1
DDS., PhD., Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, School of Dentistry, Pusan National University, Yangsan, Korea.
2
DDS., PhD., Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Republic of Korea. sshan@yuhs.ac.
3
DDS., PhD., Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Radiology, Yonsei University College of Dentistry, Seoul, Republic of Korea.

Abstract

This study aims to introduce a new algorithm developed using retrospective cone-beam computed tomography (CBCT) data to obtain a standard dental and mandibular arch shape automatically for an optimal panoramic focal trough. A custom-made program was developed to analyze each arch shape of randomly collected 30 CBCT images. First, volumetric data of the mandible were binarized and projected in the axial direction to obtain 2-dimensional arch images. Second, 30 patients' mandibular arches were superimposed on the center of the bilateral distal contact points of the mandibular canines to generate an average arch shape. Third, the center and boundary of a panoramic focal trough were obtained using smoothing splines. As a result, the minimum thickness and transition of the focal trough could be obtained. If this new algorithm is applied to big data of retrospective CBCT images, standard focal troughs could be established by race, sex, and age group, which would improve the image quality of dental panoramic radiography.

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