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Patient Educ Couns. 2019 Jan;102(1):3-11. doi: 10.1016/j.pec.2018.08.029. Epub 2018 Aug 26.

"Same same or different?" A review of reviews of person-centered and patient-centered care.

Author information

1
School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Postbox 883, SE-72123, Sweden. Electronic address: jakob.hakansson@mdh.se.
2
School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Postbox 883, SE-72123, Sweden; Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
3
School of Health, Care and Social Welfare, Mälardalen University, Postbox 883, SE-72123, Sweden.
4
Department of Public Health and Caring Sciences, Uppsala University, Sweden.
5
Faculty of Caring Science, Work Life and Social Welfare, University of Borås, SE-50190, Borås, Sweden.
6
Centre for Clinical Research, Västmanland Hospital, Uppsala University, Sweden.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To provide a synthesis of already synthesized literature on person-centered care and patient-centered care in order to identify similarities and differences between the two concepts.

METHODS:

A synthesis of reviews was conducted to locate synthesized literature published between January 2000 and March 2017. A total of 21 articles deemed relevant to this overview were synthesized using a thematic analysis.

RESULTS:

The analysis resulted in nine themes present in person-centered as well as in patient-centered care: (1) empathy, (2), respect (3), engagement, (4), relationship, (5) communication, (6) shared decision-making, (7) holistic focus, (8), individualized focus, and (9) coordinated care. The analysis also revealed that the goal of person-centered care is a meaningful life while the goal of patient-centered care is a functional life.

CONCLUSIONS:

While there are a number of similarities between the two concepts, the goals for person-centered and patient-centered care differ. The similarities are at the surface and there are important differences when the concepts are regarded in light of their different goals.

PRACTICE IMPLICATIONS:

Clarification of the concepts may assist practitioners to develop the relevant aspects of care. Person-centered care broadens and extends the perspective of patient-centered care by considering the whole life of the patient.

KEYWORDS:

Care; Concept analysis; Literature review; Patient-centered; Person-centered

PMID:
30201221
DOI:
10.1016/j.pec.2018.08.029

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