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J Refract Surg. 2018 Sep 1;34(9):633-636. doi: 10.3928/1081597X-20180827-01.

Bilateral Non-tuberculous Mycobacterial Keratitis After Small Incision Lenticule Extraction.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report a case of bilateral non-tuberculous mycobacterial keratitis after small incision lenticule extraction (SMILE) that was successfully treated with oral and topical fortified antibiotics.

METHODS:

Case report and literature review.

RESULTS:

An otherwise healthy 21-year-old woman presented with culture-proven bilateral Mycobacterium abscessus keratitis 8 days after undergoing SMILE, showing multiple white stromal infiltrates in the interface in both eyes. Progressive, diffuse flap edema followed by pocket abscess, exudation in the anterior chamber, granulation tissue formation in the pocket, intrastromal neovascularization, and eventually partial resolution of corneal opacity were noted after topical and oral antibiotic treatment for 6 months. Her corrected distance visual acuity was 20/32 and 20/50 in the right and left eyes, respectively, 12 months after initial presentation.

CONCLUSIONS:

This is the first report of successful medical management of bilateral non-tuberculous mycobacterial keratitis after SMILE. The manifestations are different from and even more difficult to treat than those of keratitis after LASIK. [J Refract Surg. 2018;34(9):633-636.].

PMID:
30199569
DOI:
10.3928/1081597X-20180827-01
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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