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Gene. 1986;43(1-2):85-94.

Construction of a single-copy integration vector and its use in analysis of regulation of the trp operon of Bacillus subtilis.


A single-copy integration vector was used for the in vitro construction of translational fusions to the lacZ gene of Escherichia coli. Insertion of a single copy of the lacZ fusion into the B. subtilis chromosome leads to an easily detected Amy- phenotype. A trpE-lacZ fusion was constructed in which the trp promoter directs hybrid beta-galactosidase (beta Gal) synthesis. The level of beta Gal in a wild-type strain carrying the trpE-lacZ fusion in the chromosome is regulated by exogenous tryptophan, while a 5-methyltryptophan-resistant mutant constitutively synthesizes betaGal. A trpF-lacZ fusion was constructed and used to determine the effect of a frameshift mutation in the trpE gene on expression of the trpF-lacZ fusion. The frameshift mutation in trpE led to a three-fold reduction in the levels of the trpF-lacZ fusion. The levels of the betaGal activity of these integrated lacZ fusions appear to provide a quantitative measure of the expression of B. subtilis genes under single-copy conditions.

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