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Open Orthop J. 2018 Jul 31;12:303-313. doi: 10.2174/1874325001812010303. eCollection 2018.

Superior Labral Anterior to Posterior Tear Management in Athletes.

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Houston Methodist Hospital, Houston, Tx 77030, USA.



The diagnosis and treatment of Superior Labrum Anterior to Posterior (SLAP) tears have been evolving and controversial. The lack of clear diagnostic criteria on physical examination, Magnetic Resonance Imaging (MRI), and arthroscopic evaluation clouds the issue. The high rate of MRI diagnosed SLAP lesions in the asymptomatic population of athletes and non-athletes warrants consideration when planning treatment for those with shoulder pain.


To provide information on the evaluation, diagnosis and management of SLAP tears in athletes.


The results of a structured non-operative rehabilitation program are discussed and compared to traditional surgical techniques. The evolution of the author's treatment algorithm is presented. Results: The successful return to overhand throwing is more common with non-operative treatment than with surgical.


A rehabilitation program focused on stretching the posterior capsule and correcting scapular posture is more successful than surgery for most throwers with SLAP lesions.


Baseball Players; MRI; Overhead Athletes; SLAP; SLAP Repair; Superior Labrum Anterior Posterior tear

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