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Environ Res. 2018 Nov;167:673-683. doi: 10.1016/j.envres.2018.06.043. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Cancer epidemiology update, following the 2011 IARC evaluation of radiofrequency electromagnetic fields (Monograph 102).

Author information

1
Dalla Lana School of Public Health, University of Toronto, Canada. Electronic address: ab.miller@utoronto.ca.
2
Environmental Health Trust, Berkeley, CA, United States. Electronic address: lloyd.l.morgan@gmail.com.
3
Rutgers University School of Public Health, United States. Electronic address: iu22@eohsi.rutgers.edu.
4
Environmental Health Trust, Teton Village, WY, United States; Hebrew University of Jerusalem, Israel. Electronic address: ddavis@ehtrust.org.

Abstract

Epidemiology studies (case-control, cohort, time trend and case studies) published since the International Agency for Research on Cancer (IARC) 2011 categorization of radiofrequency radiation (RFR) from mobile phones and other wireless devices as a possible human carcinogen (Group 2B) are reviewed and summarized. Glioma is an important human cancer found to be associated with RFR in 9 case-control studies conducted in Sweden and France, as well as in some other countries. Increasing glioma incidence trends have been reported in the UK and other countries. Non-malignant endpoints linked include acoustic neuroma (vestibular Schwannoma) and meningioma. Because they allow more detailed consideration of exposure, case-control studies can be superior to cohort studies or other methods in evaluating potential risks for brain cancer. When considered with recent animal experimental evidence, the recent epidemiological studies strengthen and support the conclusion that RFR should be categorized as carcinogenic to humans (IARC Group 1). Opportunistic epidemiological studies are proposed that can be carried out through cross-sectional analyses of high, medium, and low mobile phone users with respect to hearing, vision, memory, reaction time, and other indicators that can easily be assessed through standardized computer-based tests. As exposure data are not uniformly available, billing records should be used whenever available to corroborate reported exposures.

KEYWORDS:

Brain cancer; Cell phones; Electric hypersensitivity; Glioma; Meningioma; Mobile phones; Radio frequency fields; Salivary gland tumor; Vestibular schwannoma

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