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Pest Manag Sci. 2019 Apr;75(4):969-978. doi: 10.1002/ps.5201. Epub 2018 Oct 15.

Effects of clothianidin-treated seed on the arthropod community in a mid-Atlantic no-till corn agroecosystem.

Author information

1
Maryland Department of Agriculture, Easton, MD, USA.
2
Department of Entomology, University of Maryland, College Park, MD, USA.

Abstract

BACKGROUND:

Nearly all corn seed in the US is coated with neonicotinoid insecticides to protect against soil and foliar arthropod pests. Exposure in the soil and the systemic activity in the plant can pose non-target risks. We assessed the community-level effects of clothianidin-treated seed on the diversity and abundance of arthropod communities in a no-till corn agroecosystem over a single growing season.

RESULTS:

Epigeal and foliage-dwelling communities were disturbed by the clothianidin seed treatment, with significant negative and positive changes in taxa abundances. Clothianidin reduced the abundance of minute pirate bugs by 66.2%, lady beetles by 44.7%, ants by 43.4%, ground beetle adults and larvae by 31.7%, and rove beetles by 44.1% during the early corn growth stages. Herbivores, particularly thrips, were more negatively affected by clothianidin than other trophic groups. In contrast, some groups, such as collembolans and leafhoppers, exhibited significantly higher abundances in the seed treated plots.

CONCLUSION:

Clothianidin primarily influenced arthropod communities during the 4 weeks following planting, with disruptions to major natural enemy taxa, but communities showed trends toward recovery at the later corn stages. While the insecticide suppressed multiple herbivores, none were economically damaging to corn; thus, the pest suppression benefits of clothianidin observed in this study did not justify the non-target impacts. © 2018 Society of Chemical Industry.

KEYWORDS:

clothianidin; community responses; no till corn system; non-target effects; seed treatment

PMID:
30192045
DOI:
10.1002/ps.5201
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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