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Community Dent Oral Epidemiol. 2018 Dec;46(6):631-638. doi: 10.1111/cdoe.12416. Epub 2018 Sep 6.

Oral health-related quality of life as a predictor of subjective well-being among older adults-A decade-long longitudinal cohort study.

Author information

1
Department of Prosthodontics, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
2
Institute of Psychology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
3
Institute of Gerontology, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
4
University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.
5
Network Aging Research, University of Heidelberg, Heidelberg, Germany.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objective of this study was to evaluate possible longitudinal associations between oral health-related quality of life (OHRQoL) and subjective well-being among quinquagenarians and septuagenarians over up to 10 years of clinical observation.

METHODS:

This research is part of the "Interdisciplinary Study on Adult Development and Aging (ILSE)." All participants lived in an urban region of southwest Germany. One hundred and fifty-two participants born in 1930-1932 (older cohort, OC; n = 54) and 1950-1952 (younger cohort, YC; n = 98) underwent comprehensive psychological, medical and dental examinations at baseline and up to 10 years thereafter. The Geriatric Oral Health Assessment Index (GOHAI) was used to assess OHRQoL. The Philadelphia Geriatric Center Morale Scale (PGCMS), general life satisfaction (GLS) and individuals' general satisfaction with their health (SWH) were used to evaluate subjective well-being. Regression models and structural equation modelling (SEM) were used to analyse the longitudinal associations between OHRQoL and subjective well-being.

RESULTS:

A cross-lagged prediction model revealed a positive association between baseline OHRQoL and subjective well-being across 10 years for both birth cohorts, OC [0.49 (0.21; 0.69)] and YC [0.36 (0.24; 0.52)]. However, higher subjective well-being at baseline was not a predictor of better OHRQoL 10 years later for either cohort.

CONCLUSIONS:

OHRQoL seems to be a substantial predictor of subjective well-being in quinquagenarians and septuagenarians across the rather long observational period. Further studies with larger sample sizes are required to confirm this finding.

PMID:
30187937
DOI:
10.1111/cdoe.12416

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