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Indian J Sex Transm Dis AIDS. 2018 Jan-Jun;39(1):23-27. doi: 10.4103/ijstd.IJSTD_18_16.

Cardiac complications in people living with human immunodeficiency virus/acquired immunodeficiency syndrome and their association with CD4+ T-cell count - A cross sectional study.

Author information

Department of Medicine, LLRM Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.
Department of Medicine, Nodal Officer ART Centre, LLRM Medical College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.



Cardiac complications of HIV infection tend to occur late in the disease or are associated with related therapies and are therefore becoming more prevalent as therapy and longevity improve.

Materials and Methods:

The study was undertaken to study the common cardiovascular complications in Indian HIV patients and to their association with the CD4+ T-cell count.

Observations and Conclusion:

Prevalence of cardiac abnormality in our study was 24%. The abnormalities included LVDD (22%), pulmonary hypertension (12%), DCMP (12%), pericardial effusion (7%), left ventricular systolic dysfunction (5%), and right ventricular dysfunction (1%).


Dilated cardiomyopathy; infective endocarditis; left ventricular diastolic dysfunction; left ventricular systolic dysfunction; premature coronary artery disease; pulmonary artery hypertension

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