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Mol Cell Biol. 1985 Nov;5(11):3035-40.

Cloning of hexokinase structural genes from Saccharomyces cerevisiae mutants with regulatory mutations responsible for glucose repression.


The regulatory hexokinase PII mutants isolated previously (K.-D. Entian and K.-U. Fröhlich, J. Bacteriol. 158:29-35, 1984) were characterized further. These mutants were defective in glucose repression. The mutation was thought to be in the hexokinase PII structural gene, but it did not affect the catalytic activity of the enzyme. Hence, a regulatory domain for glucose repression was postulated. For further understanding of this regulatory system, the mutationally altered hexokinase PII proteins were isolated from five mutants obtained independently and characterized by their catalytic constants and bisubstrate kinetics. None of these characteristics differed from those of the wild type, so the catalytic center of the mutant enzymes remained unchanged. The only noticeable difference observed was that the in vivo modified form of hexokinase PII, PIIM, which has been described recently (K.-D. Entian and E. Kopetzki, Eur. J. Biochem. 146:657-662, 1985), was absent from one of these mutants. It is possible that the PIIM modification is directly connected with the triggering of glucose repression. To establish with certainty that the mutation is located in the hexokinase PII structural gene, the genes of these mutants were isolated after transforming a hexokinaseless mutant strain and selecting for concomitant complementation of the nuclear function. Unlike hexokinase PII wild-type transformants, glucose repression was not restored in the hexokinase PII mutant transformants. In addition mating experiments with these transformants followed by tetrad analysis of sporulated diploids gave clear evidence of allelism to the hexokinase PII structural gene.

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