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Rev Sci Instrum. 2018 Aug;89(8):084701. doi: 10.1063/1.5035179.

Design and experimental demonstration of a circularly polarized mode converter for high-power microwave applications.

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College of Advanced Interdisciplinary Studies, National University of Defense Technology, Changsha 410073, People's Republic of China.


A novel mode converter that can transform coaxial transverse electromagnetic (TEM) mode into circularly polarized TE11 (CPT) mode was developed and experimentally studied with high-power microwave (HPM). The mode conversion is realized by two steps. First, the TEM mode is converted into linearly polarized TE11 (LPT) mode by the webbed-shaped balun structure. Second, the LPT mode is transformed into the CPT mode with the insertion of circular-arc diaphragms in a circular waveguide. In this paper, the principle of a mode converter working at 1.57 GHz is demonstrated, as well as the experimental results. The experimental and simulation results are in good agreement. At the central frequency, the conversion efficiency is more than 99.5%, the measured axial ratio approximates to 1.39 dB, and the power handling capacity is in excess of 1.5 GW. These measured results meet the demand for narrow-band HPM source application.


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