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Life Sci. 1986 Sep 22;39(12):1109-16.

Amiloride potentiates atrial natriuretic factor inhibitory action by increasing receptor binding in bovine adrenal zona glomerulosa.


The interaction of atrial natriuretic factor (ANF) with the diuretic amiloride was studied in bovine adrenal zona glomerulosa. Amiloride enhances 2 to 3-fold high affinity binding of [125I] ANF to zona glomerulosa membrane receptor with an ED50 of 10 microM. This effect is due to a recruitement of high affinity receptor sites and to an increase of their affinity from a Kd of 23 to 8 pM. This enhancing effect is almost equipotently elicited by guanabenz, while clonidine is 20-fold less potent and arginine is inactive. ATP reduces by 30 to 50% [125I] ANF binding with an IC50 of 50 microM. Amiloride and ATP opposite effects on [125I] ANF binding are mutually competitive. Low concentrations of amiloride (less than 100 microM) potentiate the inhibitory effect of ANF in hormone-stimulated steroid secretion with a 3-fold decrease in ANF IC50 at 10 microM amiloride. Higher concentrations of amiloride (greater than 100 microM) directly inhibit aldosterone secretion with an IC50 of 500 microM and a maximum of 80 to 100% reversal of stimulation by various secretagogues. These results indicate that amiloride synergistically potentiates ANF inhibitory action by altering ANF receptor binding properties. They also suggest a role for sodium transport and for phosphorylation-dephosphorylation mechanisms in the mode of action of ANF.

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