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Rev Lat Am Enfermagem. 2018 Sep 3;26:e3050. doi: 10.1590/1518-8345.2678.3050.

Action of ear acupuncture in people with chronic pain in the spinal column: a randomized clinical trial1.

[Article in English, Portuguese, Spanish]

Author information

1
Doctoral student, Universidade Federal de Minas Gerais, Belo Horizonte, MG, Brazil.
2
PhD, Associate Professor, Departamento de Fisioterapia, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil.
3
PhD, Adjunct Professor, Departamento de Ciências Fisiológicas, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil.
4
MSc, Professor, Departamento de Enfermagem, Faculdade de Ciências e Tecnologias de Campos Gerais, Campos Gerais, MG, Brazil.
5
Master's student, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil.
6
PhD, Adjunct Professor, Escola de Enfermagem, Universidade Federal de Alfenas, Alfenas, MG, Brazil.

Abstract

OBJECTIVES:

to assess the action of ear acupuncture on disability and tissue temperature in people with chronic pain in the spinal column.

METHOD:

a clinical trial with a sample of 110 people, randomized into three groups: Treatment, Placebo and Control. The assessment instruments were the Rolland Morris Disability Questionnaire (RMDQ) and a thermographic camera, administered before the first treatment session, one week after and 15 days after (follow-up) the fifth session of ear acupuncture. In the analysis of the data, the Kruskal Wallis, Student-Newman Keuls and Wilcoxon tests were applied.

RESULTS:

there was a significant reduction in disability in the Treatment and Placebo groups between the initial and final assessments (p<0.05) and between the initial assessments and follow-up (p<0.05). In the final assessment, the Treatment group presented improvement of disability when compared with the Placebo and Control groups (p<0.05). There was an increase in mean tissue temperature of the dorsal region between the initial and follow-up assessments in Treatment and Control groups (p<0.05), and between the final assessments and follow-up in the Treatment and Placebo groups (p<0.05).

CONCLUSION:

ear acupuncture was efficacious in reducing disability and increasing tissue temperature in people with chronic pain in the spinal column. Brazilian Register of Clinical Trials (RBR-5X69X2).

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