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J Health Psychol. 2018 Sep 5:1359105318796906. doi: 10.1177/1359105318796906. [Epub ahead of print]

Confirmatory factor analysis of a myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome stigma scale.

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DePaul University, USA.


This study adapted a chronic illness stigma scale and explored its psychometric properties. The main purposes were to confirm the factor structure of the instrument with this population and address the previous factor intercorrelation discrepancies. Five hundred and fifty-four individuals with myalgic encephalomyelitis or chronic fatigue syndrome completed the adapted stigma scale. Results document the stigma experienced by an international sample of individuals with myalgic encephalomyelitis and chronic fatigue syndrome. Factors demonstrated good internal consistency, and a model fit was found in a confirmatory factor analysis. Participants endorsed high levels of stigma, estrangement, and disclosure. Implications of these findings and future directions are discussed.


chronic fatigue syndrome; confirmatory factor analysis; disclosure; estrangement; myalgic encephalomyelitis; stigma


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