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JAMA. 1986 Oct 3;256(13):1778-83.

Consensus conference. The impact of routine HTLV-III antibody testing of blood and plasma donors on public health.

[No authors listed]



A Consensus Development Conference organized under the auspices of the National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute of the National Institutes of Health (NIH) and the NIH Office of Medical Applications of Research brought together an interdisciplinary group to discuss protection of the nation's blood supply. The appearance of acquired immunodeficiency syndrome (AIDS) has challenged blood banks and public health personnel to eliminate blood containing the human immunodeficiency virus. Tests currently used to detect contaminated blood are not 100% reliable, and a positive test result poses problems in informing the donor, counseling, and confidentiality. Psychological stress for positive donors must be handled supportively, and self-deferral from blood donation should be encouraged. Autologous donation by persons facing elective surgery should be encouraged as research proceeds to develop more sensitive tests.

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