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Intractable Rare Dis Res. 2018 Aug;7(3):191-195. doi: 10.5582/irdr.2018.01062.

Co-occurrence of Gomez-Lopez-Hernandez syndrome and Autism Spectrum Disorder: Case report with review of literature.

Author information

1
B.Kotetishvili Psycho-Neurological Clinic, Tbilisi, Georgia.
2
Faculty of the Art and Sciences, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia.
3
Research Institute of Clinical Medicine, Tbilisi, Georgia.
4
Faculty of Natural Sciences and Engineering, Ilia State University, Tbilisi, Georgia.
5
European University, Tbilisi, Georgia.

Abstract

We report on Gomez-Lopez-Hernandez syndrome (GLHS) in a Caucasian patient, Georgian, 36 months, male, only child born to non-consanguineous parents. There were no similar cases in the family and among close relatives. MRI study confirmed rhombencephalosynapsis (fusion of cerebellar hemispheres in combination with the agenesis of cerebellar vermis) and mild dilation of the lateral ventricles. Other main findings are bilateral parieto-temporal alopecia and brachiturricephaly (broad skull shape and tower-like elongation of the cranium in the vertical axis), low-set posteriorly retracted ears, strabismus (in the right eye), hypotonia (Beighton scale score - 6) and ataxia (trouble maintaining balance). Patient has no signs of trigeminal anesthesia, no recurrent, painless eye infections, corneal opacities and ulcerated wounds on the facial skin and buccal mucosa were observed. Based on the scientific literature we suggest a finding of brachiturricephaly in addition to rhombencephalosynapsis and bilateral alopecia sufficient to put a diagnosis of GLHS. Patient did not speak, disregarded guardians and clinician addressing him, did not make eye contact, was restless and occasionally displayed aggression and self-injurious behavior. These symptoms confirm the earlier diagnosis of Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). Therefore, the current study describes a case of co-occurrence of GLHS and ASD.

KEYWORDS:

Gomez-Lopez-Hernandez syndrome; Rhombencephalosynapsis; alopecia; autism; brachiturricephaly

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