Format

Send to

Choose Destination
BMJ Open. 2018 Sep 4;8(9):e022585. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2018-022585.

Cost-effectiveness of single-dose zoledronic acid for nursing home residents with osteoporosis in the USA.

Ito K1,2.

Author information

1
Department of Medicine, Hebrew SeniorLife, Roslindale, Massachusetts, USA.
2
Division of Gerontology, Department of Medicine, Beth Israel Deaconess Medical Center, Boston, Massachusetts, USA.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

To evaluate the cost-effectiveness of routine administration of single-dose zoledronic acid for nursing home residents with osteoporosis in the USA.

DESIGN:

Markov cohort simulation model based on published literature from a healthcare sector perspective over a lifetime horizon.

SETTING:

Nursing homes.

PARTICIPANTS:

A hypothetical cohort of nursing home residents aged 85 years with osteoporosis.

INTERVENTIONS:

Two strategies were compared: (1) a single intravenous dose of zoledronic acid 5 mg and (2) usual care (supplementation of calcium and vitamin D only).

PRIMARY AND SECONDARY OUTCOME MEASURES:

Incremental cost-effectiveness ratio (ICER), as measured by cost per quality-adjusted life year (QALY) gained.

RESULTS:

Compared with usual care, zoledronic acid had an ICER of $207 400 per QALY gained and was not cost-effective at a conventional willingness-to-pay threshold of $100 000 per QALY gained. The results were robust to a reasonable range of assumptions about incidence, mortality, quality-of-life effects and the cost of hip fracture and the cost of zoledronic acid. Zoledronic acid had a potential to become cost-effective if a fracture risk reduction with zoledronic acid was higher than 23% or if 6-month mortality in nursing home residents was lower than 16%. Probabilistic sensitivity analysis showed that the zoledronic acid would be cost-effective in 14%, 27% and 44% of simulations at willingness-to-pay thresholds of $50 000, $100 000 or $200 000 per QALY gained, respectively.

CONCLUSIONS:

Routine administration of single-dose zoledronic acid in nursing home residents with osteoporosis is not a cost-effective use of resources in the USA but could be justifiable in those with a favourable life expectancy.

KEYWORDS:

hip fractures; nursing homes; osteoporosis; zoledronic acid

Supplemental Content

Full text links

Icon for HighWire Icon for PubMed Central
Loading ...
Support Center