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J Infect Dis. 1986 Oct;154(4):551-5.

Human monkeypox: a study of 2,510 contacts of 214 patients.

Abstract

A study of 2,510 contacts of 214 patients with human monkeypox was conducted in Zaire from 1980 to 1984. Among the contacts of 130 primary cases of human monkeypox, a further 22 co-primary and 62 secondary cases were detected, and an additional fourteen people who had no evidence of clinical disease had positive serological results. A majority of the clinical and subclinical cases of monkeypox occurred in children less than 10 years of age. Immunity in vaccinated persons now appears to be waning because 16 overt cases occurred in contacts who had been vaccinated. The overall attack rate for contacts without a vaccination scar (7.2%) differed significantly from the attack rate for those who had been vaccinated in the past (0.9%). The attack rate for household contacts was significantly higher than that for other contacts, among both unvaccinated (four times higher) and vaccinated (seven times higher) household contacts. Many unvaccinated contacts living in the same household as the index case under conditions of maximum exposure, however, escaped not only the disease but also infection.

PMID:
3018091
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/154.4.551
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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