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J Cell Physiol. 1986 Sep;128(3):501-9.

Down-modulation of receptors for granulocyte colony-stimulating factor on human neutrophils by granulocyte-activating agents.


Purified human blood neutrophils were able to bind radioiodinated murine granulocyte-colony-stimulating factor (G-CSF) in a specific manner. This factor has previously been shown to stimulate functional activities of human and murine neutrophilic granulocytes and to be functionally analogous to human-derived CSF beta. The binding of 125I G-CSF to human neutrophils was competed for equally by unlabeled G-CSF and CSF beta but not by other CSF's. Saturation analysis indicated that human neutrophils displayed about 700-1,500 receptors for G-CSF/CSF beta per cell. Three other agents (N-formyl-methionine-leucine phenylalanine, bacterial lipopolysaccharide, and human CSF alpha) known to activate neutrophils did not compete directly for G-CSF binding sites but, in preincubation experiments at 37 degrees C, were able to down-modulate the expression of G-CSF receptors on human neutrophils in a dose- and time-dependent manner. This effect was specific since the same agents have been shown elsewhere to up-regulate the expression of other granulocyte surface antigens and other agents were much less effective at down-modulating G-CSF receptors. Since the granulocyte-activating agents increase the sensitivity of human neutrophils to G-CSF/CSF beta and mimic some of the actions of G-CSF on neutrophils, it is suggested that G-CSF receptor down-modulation might be a mechanism whereby these agents activate G-CSF receptors and thereby exert some of their effects.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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