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J Minim Access Surg. 2018 Sep 3. doi: 10.4103/jmas.JMAS_100_18. [Epub ahead of print]

Retrospective case-matched study between reduced port laparoscopic rectopexy and conventional laparoscopic rectopexy for rectal prolapse.

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Department of Surgery, Iwate Medical University, Morioka, Japan.
Department of Surgery, Morioka Municipal Hospital, Morioka, Japan.



Reduced port laparoscopic Well's procedure (RPLWP) is a novel technique used to overcome the limitations of single-incision laparoscopic surgery. The aim of this study was to compare outcomes between RPLWP and conventional laparoscopic Well's procedure (CLWP) and to investigate the learning curve of RPLWP.

Patients and Methods:

From January 2006 to March 2017, a retrospective review of a prospectively maintained laparoscopic surgery database was performed to identify patients had undergone CLWP and RPLWP. From these patients, each of 10 cases were manually matched for age, sex, body mass index. From January 2006 to March 2015, CLWP was used for all procedures whereas, from April 2015, RPLWP was routinely performed as a standard procedure for rectal prolapse.


No significant differences were observed between the two groups in terms of operating time, blood loss, intraoperative complications, and conversion to CLWP or open rectopexy. Based on the postoperative outcomes, the hospital stay was significantly shorter in the RPLWP group. The estimated learning curve for RPLWP was fitted and defined as y = 278.47e-0.064x with R2 = 0.838; therefore, a significant decrease in operative time was observed by using the more advanced surgical procedure.


RPLWP is an effective, safe, minimally invasive procedural alternative to CLWP with no disadvantage for patients when a skilled surgeon performs it.


Rectopexy; reduced port surgery; single-incision laparoscopic surgery

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