Format

Send to

Choose Destination
Rev Alerg Mex. 2018 Jul-Sep;65(3):128-136. doi: 10.29262/ram.v65i3.351.

[Skin reactivity in allergic conjunctivitis].

[Article in Spanish; Abstract available in Spanish from the publisher]

Author information

1
Universidad Nacional de Colombia, Bogotá, Colombia. mmpa9@hotmail.com.

Abstract

in English, Spanish

BACKGROUND:

Allergic conjunctivitis is caused by an IgE-mediated mechanism or immediate hypersensitivity due to allergen direct contact on the conjunctival surface of sensitized patients, which elicits mastocyte activation and inflammatory mediators' release. Up to 47% of patients with allergic conjunctivitis can develop sensitization to perennial allergens; more than 24% of patients can experience sensitization to multiple allergens.

OBJECTIVE:

To estimate positive skin reactivity to allergens in patients diagnosed with allergic conjunctivitis in the allergology outpatient clinic of Centro de Especialistas Santo Domingo, in Cartagena, Colombia, during 2017.

METHOD:

Cross-sectional study of 92 patients aged between 3 and 74 years, included by convenience sampling.

RESULTS:

70.65% had positive skin prick tests to at least one allergen. Most common allergens with positive skin reactivity were house dust mites (65.2%), animal epithelia (15.2%), insects (15.2%) and food (14.1%). Allergic rhinitis (51%), allergic asthma (23%) and atopic dermatitis (10%) were the most commonly associated allergic pathologies.

CONCLUSIONS:

Positive skin reactivity to the studied allergens was significantly higher in patients with allergic conjunctivitis and other associated conditions.

KEYWORDS:

Allergens; Allergic conjunctivitis; Skin prick tests

PMID:
30176198
DOI:
10.29262/ram.v65i3.351

Supplemental Content

Loading ...
Support Center