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Cell Immunol. 1986 Aug;101(1):213-31.

Purinergic modulation of T-lymphocyte activation: differential susceptibility of distinct activation steps and correlation with intracellular 3',5'-cyclic adenosine monophosphate accumulation.


The mechanism by which purinergic agonists modulate murine T-lymphocyte activation and proliferation was investigated. Adenosine and other compounds such as ATP and 2-chloroadenosine (ClAdo) were found to block T-cell mitogenesis induced by concanavalin A (Con A) in a dose-dependent fashion. The nonmetabolizable adenosine analog ClAdo was the most potent agent capable of inhibiting T-cell mitogenesis. Extracellular addition of the permeable cAMP analog dibutyryl cyclic AMP (dbcAMP) also led to a dose-dependent blockade of T-cell mitogenesis, although with less efficiency when compared to ClAdo. Addition of IL-2-enriched fluids failed to reverse blockade of T-cell mitogenesis by ClAdo or dbcAMP. ClAdo blocked T-cell enlargement induced after 20 hr of culture with Con A. We analyzed the effect of micromolar concentrations of ClAdo on interleukin-2 (IL-2) production, expression of IL-2 receptors (7D4 and 3C7 surface antigens), and induction of IL-2 responsiveness after in vitro cultivation with Con A. ClAdo inhibited both IL-2 secretion and induction of IL-2 responsiveness up to control levels in the same dose range it inhibited T-cell mitogenesis. However, cell surface expression of IL-2 receptors was not affected. Short incubations of resting splenic T cells with ClAdo led to a dose-dependent accumulation of cyclic AMP in responding cells. This effect was markedly reduced by the purinergic antagonist 3-isobutyl-1-methylxanthine (IBMX) but was not prevented by the adenosine uptake blocker dipyridamole. ClAdo elicited cAMP accumulation in the same dose range it inhibited T-cell activation events. Extracellular administration of dbcAMP to splenic T cells stimulated by Con A mimicked the effects of ClAdo on T-cell activation parameters, as revealed by a dose-dependent blockade of both IL-2 secretion and IL-2 responsiveness induction, without affecting IL-2 receptor expression. Short incubations of Con A-activated T-cell blasts with ClAdo also led to a dose-dependent accumulation of cAMP. We then analyzed the effect of purines and dbcAMP on IL-2-mediated activated T-cell growth. Purines caused a dose-dependent inhibition of IL-2-mediated T-cell proliferation and ClAdo was the most potent purinergic agonist tested. The effect of ClAdo on Con A-induced T blasts was shifted to the right, if compared to earlier T-cell activation steps.(ABSTRACT TRUNCATED AT 400 WORDS)

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