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Biochim Biophys Acta. 1986 Aug 29;888(1):135-42.

Isolation and characterization of an inhibitor-sensitive and a polycation-stimulated protein phosphatase from rat liver nuclei.

Abstract

Two protein phosphatases were isolated from rat liver nuclei. The enzymes, solubilized from crude chromatin by 1 M NaCl, were resolved by column chromatography on Sephadex G-150, DEAE-Sepharose and heparin-Sepharose. The phosphorylase phosphatase activity of one of the enzymes (inhibitor-sensitive phosphatase) was inhibited by heat-stable phosphatase inhibitor proteins and also by histone H1. This phosphatase had a molecular weight of approx. 35,000 both before and after 4 M urea treatment. Its activity was specific for the beta-subunit of phosphorylase kinase. Pretreatment with 0.1 mM ATP inhibited the enzyme only about 10%, and it did not require divalent cations for activity. On the basis of these properties, this nuclear enzyme was identified as the catalytic subunit of phosphatase 1. The other phosphatase (polycation-stimulated phosphatase) was insensitive to inhibition by inhibitor 1, and it was stimulated 10-fold by low concentrations of histone H1 (A0.5 = 0.6 microM). This enzyme had a molecular weight of approx. 70,000 which was reduced to approx. 35,000 after treatment with 4 M urea. It dephosphorylated both the alpha- and beta-subunits of phosphorylase kinase. The enzyme was inhibited more than 90% by preincubation with 0.1 mM ATP and did not require divalent cations for activity. On the basis of these properties, this nuclear enzyme was identified as phosphatase 2A.

PMID:
3017441
DOI:
10.1016/0167-4889(86)90079-0
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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