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Cartilage. 2018 Sep 3:1947603518796124. doi: 10.1177/1947603518796124. [Epub ahead of print]

Bipolar Osteochondral Allograft Transplantation of the Patella and Trochlea.

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1 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, Kaiser Permanente Southern California, Baldwin Park, CA, USA.
2 Department of Orthopaedic Surgery, USC Keck School of Medicine, Los Angeles, CA, USA.


Objective To evaluate clinical, functional, and radiographic outcomes of patients who underwent bipolar osteochondral allograft transplantation (OCAT) of the patellofemoral joint (PFJ). Design Prospectively collected data on 18 knees who underwent fresh osteochondral allograft transplantation of the patella and trochlea by a single surgeon were reviewed. Inclusion criteria were: high-grade chondral lesions of PFJ (5 knees), or recurrent patella dislocations with trochlear dysplasia and chondral injury to the patella and/or trochlea (13 knees). Functional scores were obtained preoperatively and at follow-up appointments included Knee injury and Osteoarthritis Outcome Score (KOOS), International Knee Documentation Committee (IKDC), Oxford, Cincinnati, Tenger-Lysholm, visual analogue scale (VAS)-pain, and Single Assessment Numeric Evaluation (SANE). Grafts were also evaluated using Osteochondral Allograft MRI Scoring System (OCAMRISS). Results Three patients were lost to follow-up, leaving 4 knees in group 1, and 11 knees in group 2. Average age was 28.9 years (range 16-52 years). The average follow-up was 33.2 months (range 12-64 months). There was significant improvement of KOOS (from 38.7 to 83.1), IKDC (from 28.2 to 76.6), Tegner-Lysholm (from 38.3 to 88.3), Oxford (from 22.7 to 42.9), Cincinnati (from 35.1 to 83.6), VAS (from 71 to 17.9.), and SANE (from 43.3 to 83) ( P < 0.0001). The OCAMRISS score for patella was 2.23 and for trochlea 4.69. There were no revisions or conversions to arthroplasty Conclusion Bipolar OCAT of the patella and trochlea provide significant improvement in functional outcomes, relief from pain, activity level, and prevent recurrent instability.


biologic resurfacing patella; bulk allograft; knee; osteochondral allografts; patellar dislocation instability; patellofemoral; trochlear dysplasia


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