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J Cataract Refract Surg. 2018 Oct;44(10):1203-1210. doi: 10.1016/j.jcrs.2018.06.052. Epub 2018 Aug 29.

Influence of the vitreolenticular interface in pediatric cataract surgery.

Author information

1
From the Department of Ophthalmology (Van Looveren, Vael, Mathysen, Tassignon), Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem; and the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (Van Looveren, Vael, Ideler, Sillen, Mathysen, Tassignon), University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium. Electronic address: jvanlooveren@hotmail.com.
2
From the Department of Ophthalmology (Van Looveren, Vael, Mathysen, Tassignon), Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem; and the Faculty of Medicine and Health Sciences (Van Looveren, Vael, Ideler, Sillen, Mathysen, Tassignon), University of Antwerp, Antwerp, Belgium.

Abstract

PURPOSE:

To report the status of Berger space in pediatric cataract cases and the influence of anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis during primary posterior continuous curvilinear capsulorhexis (PCCC).

SETTING:

Department of Ophthalmology, Antwerp University Hospital, Edegem, Belgium.

DESIGN:

Prospective case series.

METHODS:

The study comprised consecutive pediatric cataract cases planned for bag-in-the-lens intraocular lens (BIL IOL) implantation. A video-based analysis of the surgical interventions included the type of crystalline lens opacification, presence of a posterior capsule plaque (PCP), presence of anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis, complications during primary PCCC, integrity of the anterior hyaloid membrane, need for anterior vitrectomy, and feasibility of BIL IOL implantation.

RESULTS:

Abnormalities in Berger space were observed in 35 of the 64 pediatric cataract cases. Anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis was most often found in cases with persistent fetal vasculature (PFV) and those with posterior cataract. Anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis was diagnosed significantly more often in eyes with unilateral cataract and those with PCP. In pediatric cataract cases presenting with PCP and anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis, the primary PCCC procedure was surgically more demanding, often resulting in detectable breaks in the anterior hyaloid membrane (58.6%) and sometimes necessitating an unplanned anterior vitrectomy (13.8%). Bag-in-the-lens IOL implantation was feasible in all except 1 eye with PFV, which was left aphakic.

CONCLUSIONS:

Primary vitreolenticular interface abnormalities are often encountered during pediatric cataract surgeries, especially when confronted with PCP in a unilateral cataract. The presence of anterior vitreolenticular interface dysgenesis may complicate a primary PCCC procedure, resulting in an unplanned anterior vitrectomy in some cases.

PMID:
30172568
DOI:
10.1016/j.jcrs.2018.06.052

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