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Intern Emerg Med. 2018 Dec;13(8):1191-1200. doi: 10.1007/s11739-018-1941-8. Epub 2018 Aug 31.

Polypharmacy in older people: lessons from 10 years of experience with the REPOSI register.

Collaborators (361)

Mannucci PM, Nobili A, Tettamanti M, Pasina L, Franchi C, Corrao S, Marengoni A, Salerno F, Cesari M, Perticone F, Licata G, Violi F, Corazza GR, Franchi C, Cortesi L, Tettamanti M, Cortesi L, Ardoino I, Prisco D, Silvestri E, Cenci C, Emmi G, Biolo G, Zanetti M, Guadagni M, Zaccari M, Vanoli M, Grignani G, Pulixi EA, Bernardi M, Bassi SL, Santi L, Zaccherini G, Mannarino E, Lupattelli G, Bianconi V, Paciullo F, Nuti R, Valenti R, Ruvio M, Cappelli S, Palazzuoli A, Olivieri O, Girelli D, Matteazzi T, Barbagallo M, Dominguez L, Cocita F, Beneduce V, Plances L, Zoli M, Lazzari I, Brunori M, Pasini FL, Capecchi PL, Palasciano G, Modeo ME, Di Gennaro C, Cappellini MD, Maira D, Di Stefano V, Fabio G, Seghezzi S, Mancarella M, Cesari M, Rossi PD, Damanti S, Clerici M, Conti F, Corazza GR, Miceli E, Lenti MV, Pisati M, Dominioni CC, Murialdo G, Marra A, Cattaneo F, Secchi MB, Ghelfi D, Anastasio L, Sofia L, Carbone M, Cipollone F, Guagnano MT, Angelucci E, Valeriani E, Mancuso G, Calipari D, Bartone M, Delitala G, Berria M, Muscaritoli M, Molfino A, Petrillo E, Zuccalà G, D'Aurizio G, Romanelli G, Marengoni A, Zucchelli A, Picardi A, Gentilucci UV, Gallo P, Dell'Unto C, Annoni G, Corsi M, Bellelli G, Zazzetta S, Mazzola P, Szabo H, Bonfanti A, Arturi F, Succurro E, Rubino M, Serra MG, Bleve MA, Gasbarrone L, Sajeva MR, Brucato A, Ghidoni S, Fabris F, Bertozzi I, Bogoni G, Rabuini MV, Cosi E, Manfredini R, Fabbian F, Boari B, De Giorgi A, Tiseo R, Paolisso G, Rizzo MR, Borghi C, Strocchi E, De Sando V, Pareo I, Sabbà C, Vella FS, Suppressa P, Agosti P, Schilardi A, Loparco F, Fenoglio L, Bracco C, Giraudo AV, Fargion S, Periti G, Porzio M, Tiraboschi S, Peyvandi F, Rossio R, Ferrari B, Colombo G, Monzani V, Savojardo V, Folli C, Ceriani G, Salerno F, Pallini G, Dallegri F, Ottonello L, Liberale L, Caserza L, Salam K, Liberato NL, Tognin T, Bianchi GB, Giaquinto S, Purrello F, Di Pino A, Piro S, Rozzini R, Falanga L, Spazzini E, Ferrandina C, Montrucchio G, Petitti P, Salmi R, Gaudenzi P, Violi F, Perri L, Landolfi R, Montalto M, Mirijello A, Guasti L, Castiglioni L, Maresca A, Squizzato A, Molaro M, Grossi A, Bertolotti M, Mussi C, Libbra MV, Dondi G, Pellegrini E, Carulli L, Perticone F, Colangelo L, Falbo T, Stanghellini V, De Giorgio R, Ruggeri E, Del Vecchio S, Salvi A, Leonardi R, Damiani G, Gabrielli A, Capeci W, Mattioli M, Martino GP, Biondi L, Pettinari P, Ghio R, Col AD, Minisola S, Colangelo L, Afeltra A, Marigliano B, Pipita ME, Castellino P, Blanco J, Zanoli L, Pignataro S, Saracco V, Fogliati M, Bussolino C, Mete F, Gino M, Cittadini A, Vigorito C, Arcopinto M, Salzano A, Bobbio E, Marra AM, Sirico D, Moreo G, Gasparini F, Prolo S, Pina G, Ballestrero A, Ferrando F, Berra S, Dassi S, Nava MC, Graziella B, Baldassarre S, Fragapani S, Gruden G, Galanti G, Mascherini G, Petri C, Stefani L, Girino M, Piccinelli V, Nasso F, Gioffrè V, Pasquale M, Scattolin G, Martinelli S, Turrin M, Sechi L, Catena C, Colussi G, Passariello N, Rinaldi L, Berti F, Famularo G, Patrizia T, Castello R, Pasino M, Ceda GP, Maggio MG, Morganti S, Artoni A, Del Giacco S, Firinu D, Losa F, Paoletti G, Montalto G, Licata A, Malerba V, Antonino L, Basile G, Antonino C, Malatino L, Stancanelli B, Terranova V, Di Marca S, Mecocci P, Ruggiero C, Boccardi V, Meschi T, Lauretani F, Ticinesi A, Minuz P, Fondrieschi L, Pirisi M, Fra GP, Sola D, Porta M, Riva P, Quadri R, Scanzi G, Mengoli C, Provini S, Ricevuti L, Simeone E, Scurti R, Tolloso F, Tarquini R, Valoriani A, Dolenti S, Vannini G, Tedeschi A, Trotta L, Volpi R, Bocchi P, Vignali A, Harari S, Lonati C, Cattaneo M, Nieves RD, Alberto MM, Pedro AR, Vanessa LP, Lara T, Xavier CV, Francesc F, Jesus DM, Esperanza BT, Esther DCB, Maria SP, Romero M, Blanca PL, Cristina LG, Victoria VGM, Saez L, Bosco J, Susana SB, Marta AG, Concepcion GB, Antonio FM, Hernandez MG, Borrego MP, Raquel PC, Florencia PR, Beatriz GO, Sara CG, Alfonso GC, Marta PM, Garcia SC, Alberto RC, Antonio AA, Montserrat GG, Ángel BRM, Manuel MJ, Ignacio NV, Lucía AS, Alfonso L, David RB, Iria IV, Monica RP.

Author information

1
Scientific Direction, Fondazione IRCCS Ca' Granda Ospedale Maggiore Policlinico, Via Francesco Sforza, 35, Via Pace, 9, 20122, Milan, Italy. piermannuccio.mannucci@policlinico.mi.it.
2
Neuroscience Department, IRCCS Istituto di Ricerche Farmacologiche Mario Negri, Via Giuseppe La Masa, 19, 20156, Milan, Italy.

Abstract

As a consequence of population aging, we have witnessed in internal medicine hospital wards a progressive shift from a population of in-patients relatively young and mainly affected by a single ailment to one of ever older and more and more complex patients with multiple chronic diseases, followed as out-patients by many different specialists with poor integration and inevitably treated with multiple medications. Polypharmacy (defined as the chronic intake of five or more drugs) is associated with increased risks of drug-drug interactions and related adverse effects, prescription and intake errors, poor compliance, re-hospitalization and mortality. With this background, the Italian Society of Internal Medicine chose to start in 2008 a prospective register called REPOSI (REgistro POliterapie SIMI, Società Italiana di Medicina Interna) in internal medicine and geriatric hospital wards. The country wide register is an ongoing observatory on multimorbidity and polypharmacy in the oldest old, with the goal to improve prescription appropriateness and, thus to avoid potentially inappropriate medications. The main findings of the register, that has accrued so far, 7005 older patients throughout a 10 year period, are summarized herewith, with special emphasis on the main patterns of poor prescription appropriateness and related risks of adverse events.

KEYWORDS:

Deprescribing; Inappropriate prescription; Medication reconciliation; Multimorbidity; Polypharmacy

PMID:
30171585
DOI:
10.1007/s11739-018-1941-8

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