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Curr Nutr Rep. 2018 Dec;7(4):310-323. doi: 10.1007/s13668-018-0242-1.

Fad Diets: Hype or Hope?

Author information

1
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA.
2
Division of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Stanford University, Stanford, CA, USA.
3
Division of General Internal Medicine, Mayo Clinic, Rochester, MN, USA.
4
Division of Endocrinology, Diabetes, Metabolism, and Nutrition, Mayo Clinic, 200 1st Street SW, Rochester, MN, 55905, USA. Mundi.manpreet@mayo.edu.

Abstract

PURPOSE OF REVIEW:

Obesity continues to be a growing concern globally due to association with a number of comorbidities and contributing significantly to increase in health care expenditures. Despite availability of a number of treatment modalities, lifestyle modification with dietary modification and exercise continues to be the foundation. However, the standard model of lifestyle modification is not efficacious or sustainable for many patients leading them to seek alternative approaches. We conducted a comprehensive literature review to present the data regarding efficacy and sustainability of many common dietary approaches.

RECENT FINDINGS:

Building upon previous work, recent randomized controlled trials have compared many popular diets head to head in varying patient populations. Along with the weight changes, studies have investigated the changes in metabolic parameters, inflammatory markers, and cardiac risk factor reduction. Though the studies do not show superiority of one diet compared to the other, the preventive benefits and other favorable metabolic changes of the diets make them worthy of consideration.

KEYWORDS:

Dietary restriction; Lifestyle modification; Obesity

PMID:
30168044
DOI:
10.1007/s13668-018-0242-1
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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