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J Infect Dis. 2019 Jan 9;219(3):448-458. doi: 10.1093/infdis/jiy512.

A Streptococcus suis Live Vaccine Suppresses Streptococcal Toxic Shock-Like Syndrome and Provides Sequence Type-Independent Protection.

Author information

1
Bio-Medical Center, Key Laboratory of Environment Correlative Dietology, College of Food Science and Technology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China.
2
State Key Laboratory of Agricultural Microbiology, Huazhong Agricultural University, Wuhan, Hubei, People's Republic of China.

Abstract

Background:

Streptococcus suis is an encapsulated zoonotic pathogen. Increasing antimicrobial resistance invokes the need for effective vaccines. Despite many attempts to develop an effective vaccine, none is currently available.

Methods:

A capsular polysaccharide (CPS)-expressing attenuated mutant 2015033 was constructed by deleting 5 virulence-associated factors (sly, scpA, ssnA, fhb, and ssads) in an infective S. suis strain SC19. The safety and immune effect of 2015033 were determined both in vitro and in vivo.

Results:

Deletion of 5 genes did not impact the growth ability and CPS generation of 2015033, and the mutant exhibited no cytotoxicity in different cell models. 2015033 was more easily eliminated by innate immunity both in vitro and in vivo. In addition, 2015033 showed a diminished invasive ability in different mouse organs (brain, lung, and liver) and avirulent properties in mice associated with weak inflammation-inducing ability. Immunization with 2015033 triggered T cell-dependent immunity, suppressed streptococcal toxic shock-like syndrome, and conferred sequence type-independent protection to mice during infection.

Conclusions:

This study presents the feasibility of the strategy of multigene deletion for the development of promising live vaccines against invasive encapsulated pathogens.

PMID:
30165645
DOI:
10.1093/infdis/jiy512

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