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Life Sci. 1986 Aug 18;39(7):637-44.

Effects of kappa opiate agonists on neurochemical and neuroendocrine indices: evidence for kappa receptor subtypes.


Four kappa opiate agonists, U-50488H, MR-2034, EKC and tifluadom, elevated plasma corticosterone and decreased plasma TSH in a dose-dependent manner. These effects were naloxone-reversible. However, WIN 44441-3, a long acting narcotic antagonist, was unable to reverse the effects of U-50488H and MR-2034 upto doses of 5 mg/kg. U-50488H and MR-2034 but not tifluadom or EKC, also increased levels of DOPAC and HVA in the olfactory tubercle. This effect was also naloxone-reversible but not WIN 44441-3 reversible. Tifluadom and EKC did not increase DOPAC and HVA. The differential responses of the tested kappa agonists to WIN 44441-3 antagonism and dopamine metabolism in A10 neurons suggest that the kappa agonists can be separated into two groups. This is the first physiological evidence suggestive of kappa opioid receptor subtypes.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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