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Life Sci. 1986 Aug 4;39(5):395-8.

Influence of yohimbine on release of anterior pituitary hormones.


We used a double-blind crossover design to study the effects of alpha 2 adrenoreceptor blockade with yohimbine on levels of anterior pituitary hormones. A dose of yohimbine was used which raised plasma norepinephrine from 379 +/- 74 (S.E.) to 730 +/- 143 pg/ml and mean arterial pressure from 83 +/- 4 to 92 +/- 5 torr (p less than 0.025). This dose (125 micrograms/kg, then 1 microgram/kg/min) also altered mood when compared to saline infusion. In spite of these changes, when prolactin, cortisol, ACTH, beta-endorphin, TSH and growth hormone were measured after 45 minutes of yohimbine infusion, no changes from baseline were noted. These data suggest that in normal man, at rest, alpha 2 adrenoreceptors in the hypothalamus, adenohypophysis or other brain areas do not tonically modulate release of these hormones into the blood.

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