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J Hyg (Lond). 1986 Jun;96(3):501-11.

Humoral response of pregnant sows to foot and mouth disease vaccination.


Four groups of sows were inoculated, either once or twice, with O1BFS 1860 foot and mouth disease oil-emulsion vaccine during pregnancy and samples of serum, for analysis, were collected at intervals for greater than 300 days. The pregnant sows responded well to vaccination regardless of their state of gestation. Single vaccination produced protective levels of antibody (greater than 1.53 log10SN50) in 3 out of 4 sows while double vaccination produced protective levels in all 6 sows tested. Anti-FMD IgM antibodies could be detected for 40-60 days after vaccination or revaccination. Anti-FMD IgG antibodies appeared within 10 days of vaccination and persisted, in each sow, for the duration of the study. The anti-FMD IgA response observed was less easy to characterize due to significant animal to animal variation. Although there was no evidence of a fall in the neutralizing antibody titres over one year post vaccination the anti-FMD IgG antibody population did show signs of a change in its heterogeneity and avidity.

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