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Noncoding RNA Res. 2017 Dec 20;2(3-4):143-150. doi: 10.1016/j.ncrna.2017.12.002. eCollection 2017 Sep.

Translational applications of microRNAs in cancer, and therapeutic implications.

Author information

1
Cancer Genetics Laboratory, Kolling Institute of Medical Research, St Leonards, 2065 NSW, Australia.
2
Northern Clinical School, Royal North Shore Hospital and University of Sydney, St Leonards, 2065 Sydney, NSW, Australia.
3
University of Sydney Endocrine Surgery Unit, Royal North Shore Hospital, St Leonards, 2065 Sydney, NSW, Australia.
4
EnGeneIC Pty Ltd, Lane Cove West, 2066 NSW, Australia.

Abstract

The search for targeted novel therapies for cancer is ongoing. MicroRNAs (miRNAs) display a number of characteristics making them an attractive and realisable option. In this review, we explore these applications, ranging from diagnostics, prognostics, disease surveillance, to being a primary therapy or a tool to sensitise patients to treatment modalities such as chemotherapy and radiotherapy. We take a particular perspective towards miRNAs and their impact on rare cancers. Advancement in the delivery of miRNAs, from viral vectors and liposomal delivery to nanoparticle based, has led to a number of pre-clinical and clinical applications for microRNA cancer therapeutics. This is promising, especially in the setting of rare cancers.

KEYWORDS:

Cancer; MicroRNAs; Rare cancers; Translational medicine

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