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J Oral Maxillofac Pathol. 2018 May-Aug;22(2):284. doi: 10.4103/jomfp.JOMFP_70_16.

Multiple myeloma presenting as an unhealed extraction socket: Report of a case with brief review of literature.

Author information

1
Department of Oral Pathology and Microbiology, Subharti Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.
2
Department of Oral and Maxillofacial Surgery, Subharti Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.
3
Department of Oral Medicine and Radiology, Subharti Dental College, Meerut, Uttar Pradesh, India.

Abstract

Multiple myeloma (MM) is a relatively rare malignant hematological disease, which is characterized by a monoclonal malignant proliferation of plasma cells that causes osteolytic lesions. Maxillofacial presentations in patients with MM are not uncommon, but because the symptoms are varied, it is very difficult to diagnose MM in this region especially in patients with initial oral involvement. Furthermore, maxillofacial manifestations as an initial sign or symptom are scarce. We report a case of a 40-year-old male patient who presented with an unhealed socket in lower left back tooth region for the past 2 months. The panoramic radiograph revealed a multilocular radiolucency. Histopathological examination of the biopsy specimen revealed a malignant hematopoietic neoplasm formed by plasmacytoid cells. Radiographic survey and immunoreactivity for CD 138 and lambda chain antibody further confirmed the diagnosis of MM.

KEYWORDS:

Mandible; multiple myeloma; osteolytic lesion; plasma cell

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