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Clin Ter. 2018 Jul-Aug;169(4):e184-e188. doi: 10.7417/T.2018.2076.

The effect of physiotherapy on fatigue and physical functioning in chronic fatigue syndrome patients: A systematic review.

Author information

1
Department of Public Health, Sapienza University of Rome.
2
Neuropsychiatric and rehabilitation nursing sciences, "Tor Vergata" II University of Rome.
3
Department of Anatomical, Histological, Forensic and Orthopedic Sciences, "Sapienza" University of Rome.
4
Department of Paediatrics and Child Neuropsychiatry, "Sapienza" University of Rome.
5
"Sapienza" University of Rome.
6
Department of Health Professions, Policlinico "Tor Vergata" of Rome, Italy.

Abstract

OBJECTIVE:

The objectives of this work were to fill the gap in the scientific literature and to evaluate the results of physical therapy treatments in individuals affected by chronic fatigue syndrome, considering only studies that employed a randomized controlled trial.

METHODS:

A systematic review was carried out according to PRISMA guidelines. Three bibliographic databases were searched: MEDLINE, Cochrane Library, and PEDro. The minimum prerequisites for papers to be included in the systematic review were that they had to (a) employ a randomized controlled trial; (b) be published in English; and (c) be published during the last ten years (2007-2017). The studies were evaluated according to Jadad score.

RESULTS:

Four studies were included. This systematic review suggests that a treatment that is more effective than all the others cannot be defined. This conclusion is related to the low number of investigated studies; therefore, the collected results cannot be generalized.

CONCLUSION:

Chronic fatigue syndrome is not yet a well-understood pathology, and the physical mechanisms that influence the outcomes still need more study. Rehabilitation programs that promote physiotherapy techniques such as exercise, mobilization, and body awareness (e.g., MRT and GET) are the most effective in reducing medium and long-term fatigue severity in CFS patients.

KEYWORDS:

Chronic fatigue syndrome; Physical therapy; Rehabilitation; Rehabilitation program

PMID:
30151552
DOI:
10.7417/T.2018.2076
[Indexed for MEDLINE]
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