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Biomater Sci. 2018 Sep 25;6(10):2681-2693. doi: 10.1039/c8bm00692j.

In situ low-immunogenic albumin-conjugating-corona guiding nanoparticles for tumor-targeting chemotherapy.

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Wuya College of Innovation, Shenyang Pharmaceutical University, Wenhua Road, Shenyang 110016, China.


Nanoparticles (NPs) are unavoidably covered by a layer of immunogenic proteins upon injection into blood, such as immunoglobins and complements, which buries the active-targeting ligands and triggers the rapid clearance of NPs by the mononuclear phagocytic system. Low antifouling polyethylene glycol is used to inhibit the formation of the immunogenic corona but it leads to poor cellular uptake and the immunogen-related accelerated blood clearance (ABC) phenomenon in multiple administrations. Here, we develop surface maleimide-modified NPs that covalently conjugate in vivo plasma albumin in its corona upon exposure to blood. The in situ recruited low-immunogenic albumin-enriching corona is capable of protecting maleimide-decorated NPs from phagocytosis in the bloodstream, preventing the ABC phenomenon in the second administration, facilitating NP accumulation in the tumor site/cells by the passive EPR effect and albumin receptor-mediated active targeting, and finally improving the antitumor activity. Such findings suggest that the facile strategy, based on the in situ anchored albumin-enriching corona, is efficient at enabling maleimide-decorated NPs to acquire stealth and tumor-targeting ability.

[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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