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Pak J Pharm Sci. 2018 Sep;31(5):1935-1941.

Supplementation of garlic and coriander seed powder: Impact on body mass index, lipid profile and blood pressure of hyperlipidemic patients.

Author information

1
Department of Human Nutrition, The University of Agriculture, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
2
Institute of Basic Medical Sciences, Khyber Medical University, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
3
Department of Agricultural Chemistry, The University of Agriculture Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
4
Postgraduate Medical Institute, Hayatabad Medical Complex Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.
5
Department of Gynecology, Khyber Teaching Hospital, Peshawar, KP, Pakistan.

Abstract

Garlic and coriander play an obligatory role in the metabolism of lipids leading to the reduction of CVD development. We hypothesized that garlic, coriander and their mixture improves the lipid profile, BMI and blood pressure of CVD patients. Eighty patients were partitioned into 4 groups, each group consisting of twenty patients. The groups were randomly assigned to three supplements i.e. garlic powder (GP), coriander seed powder (CSP) and mixture (1:1 dry weight basis) of GP and CSP at a dose rate of 2 g/day. The fourth group was kept as placebo. The patients were examined for serum lipid profile, BMI and blood pressure at the start (0 day), 20, 40 and 60th day of supplementation. The initial 40 days were the intervention period whereas the last 20 days were the follow up period. The results indicated that all the supplements significantly (p<0.05) influenced the BMI, HDL, total cholesterol, triglycerides, LDL and systolic blood pressure of the patients. Among the supplements, GP had the highest influenced on BMI, TC, LDL and HDL whereas the impact of GP-CSP and CSP was more pronounced on TGL and blood pressure of the patients, respectively. All the parameters decreased with supplementation except HDL, which increased with the consumption of supplements. It was concluded that consumption of garlic, coriander and their mixture at a dose rate of 2 g/day is improving the lipid parameters of the patients.

PMID:
30150192

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