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Vet Clin North Am Small Anim Pract. 2018 Nov;48(6):1013-1026. doi: 10.1016/j.cvsm.2018.06.005. Epub 2018 Aug 24.

Toxicology of Newer Insecticides in Small Animals.

Author information

1
ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, 1717 South Philo Road, Suite 36, Urbana, IL 61802, USA. Electronic address: tina.wismer@aspca.org.
2
ASPCA Animal Poison Control Center, 1717 South Philo Road, Suite 36, Urbana, IL 61802, USA.

Abstract

In the broadest definition, a pesticide (from fly swatters to chemicals) is a substance used to eliminate a pest. Newer insecticides are much safer to the environment, humans, and nontarget species. These insecticides are able to target physiologic differences between insects and mammals, resulting in greater mammalian safety. This article briefly reviews toxicity information of both older insecticides such as organophosphates, carbamates, permethrins, and pyrethroids, as well as some newer insecticides.

KEYWORDS:

Essential oils; Insect growth regulators; Insecticides; Isoxazolines; Organophosphates/carbamates; Pyrethrins/pyrethroids; Spinosads; Toxicity

PMID:
30149970
DOI:
10.1016/j.cvsm.2018.06.005
[Indexed for MEDLINE]

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