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Biomaterials. 2018 Nov;183:43-53. doi: 10.1016/j.biomaterials.2018.08.042. Epub 2018 Aug 21.

PLGA nanoparticles with multiple modes are a biologically safe nanocarrier for mammalian development and their offspring.

Author information

1
Department of Biomedical Science, College of Life Science, CHA University, 335 Pangyo-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, 13488, Republic of Korea.
2
Fertility Center of CHA Gangnam Medical Center, CHA University, 569 Nonhyon-ro, Gangnam-gu, Seoul, 135081, Republic of Korea.
3
Department of Biomedical Science, College of Life Science, CHA University, 335 Pangyo-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, 13488, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: pkh0410@cha.ac.kr.
4
Department of Biomedical Science, College of Life Science, CHA University, 335 Pangyo-ro, Bundang-gu, Seongnam-si, 13488, Republic of Korea. Electronic address: hssong@cha.ac.kr.

Abstract

Nano-sized particles (NPs) of various materials have been extensively used as therapeutic and diagnostic agents, drug delivery systems, and biomedical devices. However, the biological impacts of NP exposure during early embryogenesis on following development and next generations have not been investigated. Here, we demonstrated that polylactic-co-glycolic acid (PLGA)-NPs were not toxic and did not perturb development of preimplantation mouse embryos in vitro. Moreover, subsequent fetal development in vivo after embryo transfer proceeded normally and healthy pups were born without any genetic aberrations, suggesting biosafety of PLGA-NPs during developmental processes. TRITC-labeled PLGA-NPs, named TRITC nano-tracer (TnT) were used to visualize the successful delivery of the NPs into sperms, oocytes and early embryos. Various molecular markers for early embryogenesis demonstrated that TnT treatment at various developmental stages did not compromise embryo development to the blastocyst. mRNA-Seq analyses reinforced that TnT treatment did not significantly affect mRNA landscapes of blastocysts which undergo embryo implantation critical for following developmental processes. Moreover, when 2-cell embryos exposed to TnT were transferred into pseudopregnant recipients, healthy offspring were born without any distinct morphologic and chromosomal abnormalities. TnT treatment did not affect the sex ratio of the exposed embryos after birth. When mated with male mice, female mice that were exposed to TnT during early embryogenesis produced a comparable number of pups as control females. Furthermore, the phenotypes of the offspring of mice experienced TnT at their early life clearly demonstrated that TnT did not elicit any negative transgenerational effects on mammalian development.

KEYWORDS:

Embryo development; Nanoparticle; Nanotoxicity; PLGA; Transgenerational effect

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